End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition
and promote sustainable agriculture

Using Cognitive Approach to Improve Urban Poor Family Business Models for Food Security in Malaysia

In an effort to reduce poverty by resolving the economic woes of the poor caused by the recent COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent Malaysia’s movement control orders (MCO), UiTM researchers undertook a study to find economic and sustainable solutions to boost the economic capabilities of the highly affected urban poor communities (B40 - earnings below RM4,850 per month). The study employed the Business Model Canvas (BMC) Model template that covers nine related elements depicting business relationships for owners to visualise and manage their business. Respondents from four industries in three major Malaysian cities with the highest urban poverty rates namely Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, and Penang were subjected to in-depth interviews. The interviews were intended to measure the cognitive depth and complex thought processes of the respondents with regards to their entrepreneurial thinking and business mindset. Out of the nine BMC elements, B40 entrepreneurs lacked the understanding of the importance of key partners for urban poor family groups when starting a business. These entrepreneurs need to reevaluate and incorporate key partners into their business model because they need to form partnerships for more than just resources. The findings however need to be further confirmed by disseminating questionnaires to larger B40 groups in other cities.

ArticleLink https://hrmars.com/papers_submitted/10600/developing-a-new-urban-poor-family-business-model-using-cognitive-approach.pdf

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Food Safety among On-Site Food Premises in Public Universities

Foodservice outlets in universities are often the main source of dining for students and have caused students to become highly dependent on them on campus. However, episodes of food poisoning in Malaysia are still occurring in universities and colleges due to improper practices among food handlers. The concern arises when the students are exposed to the risk of foodborne illness. Therefore, this study aims to assess the relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice on food safety and hygiene among food handlers at foodservice outlets in five campuses of UiTM Selangor branch. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 90 food handlers who met the criteria set in this study. The data gathered were analyzed using SPSS software version 24. Through Pearson’s correlation analysis, a weak and positive correlation was observed for knowledge and practice, and knowledge and attitude whereby attitude and practice resulted in moderate, positive correlation. Further analysis through linear regression proved that attitude had mediated the relationship between knowledge and practice on food safety and hygiene. The findings of this study would be used to monitor and improve the knowledge, attitude, and practice on food safety and hygiene among food handlers and expectedly reduce the risk of food contamination and foodborne diseases.

ArticleLink https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43010/1/43010.pdf

Sociodemographic Determinants of Food Insecurity Among Malay University Students: A Study from Universiti Teknologi MARA

Food insecurity poses a multifaceted challenge to nations worldwide, however because of its social and economic complexities, careful policy consideration has to be made. Despite the extensive body of research on food insecurity, there are not many studies investigating the sociodemographic determinants within the context of Malaysia, specifically concerning the unique demographics of Malay university students, who constitute the largest segment of the tertiary education population. This investigation then intends to address the prevalence of food insecurity and its associated sociodemographic factors among Malay university students. A pre-tested English version of the US Adult Food Security Survey Module (AFSSM), which assesses their food security status and Binary logistic regression analysis were undertaken to identify the sociodemographic factors predictive of food insecurity were employed and administered. The findings reveal the regression analysis did not yield any statistically significant predictors linked to food insecurity. In conclusion, the data substantiates the prevalence of food insecurity as a notable issue among university students. These results underscore the urgency for further investigation and interventions aimed at comprehensively understanding and ameliorating food insecurity within the sphere of higher education, particularly among the Malay student community. This study, conducted at Universiti Teknologi MARA, stands as a critical contribution to the ongoing discourse surrounding food insecurity and its implications for academic communities.

ArticleLink https://medic.upm.edu.my/upload/

The Culinary and Food Science: Its’ integration via Kitchen Science Module (Cooking) to fascinate students towards Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)

Cooking is not only about satisfying hunger and producing palatable food but underlying the art of cooking is a food related science that is often overlooked. Food science elements can be explored through fermentation of bread, coagulation of eggs during preparation of mayonnaise and Maillard reaction during the grilling process of steak. There are many other cooking processes that involve the elements of science. Thus, this study explores the integration of cooking and food science elements via the Kitchen Science Module in order to develop Secondary School students’ fascination for the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) programme. Qualitative research through observation was employed to achieve the objective of the study. Kitchen Science Module was used as a major tool in examining the fascination level of students towards the STEM programme. A direct exposure of knowledge of kitchen science plus direct involvement with the cooking processes would fascinate and motivate secondary school students to pursue their studies in related fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics specifically.

ArticleLink https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349119691_The_Culinary_and_

Global Goals: UiTM at the Forefront of Ensuring Food Security

UiTM being at the Forefront in Ensuring Food Security became the focus of discussion during the Vice Chancellor’s “Coffee Talk With Rozie” broadcast live via UiTM’s YouTube channel as the panelists deliberated on the various aspects of food security. The discussion which involved the Vice Chancellor as the host and moderator together with two other panelists, Assoc. Prof Ts. Dr Mohd Rasdi Zaini, the Rector of UiTM Melaka Branch, and Prof. Ts. Dr Asmah Awal, the Deputy Rector (Research and Innovation) of UiTM Selangor Branch emphasized the importance of ensuring safe and nutritious food from production to consumption, the impact of a potential food crisis on prices, and the need for aggressive research and innovation. UiTM’s initiatives to enhance food security were highlighted which included increasing programmes, research, and collaboration with the industry. The panelists also stressed on the importance of precision agriculture, technology, and research in securing a stable food supply and economic empowerment while improving health and the environment.

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